Category: Openings by Chess Players

Trompowsky Attack Variances (A45)

The Trompowsky Attack is a chess opening that begins with the moves: 1. d4 Nf6 2. Bg5 With his second move, White intends to exchange his bishop for Black’s knight, inflicting doubled pawns upon Black in the process. This is not a lethal threat: Black can choose to fall in with...

Adam’s Attack (B90)

Adam’s Attack is a variation in the Sicilian Najdorf: 1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 a6 and now 6. h3 Introduced by Weaver Adams during the middle of the twentieth century, this odd looking pawn move has mostly been used as a...

Adler Variation (A52)

The Adler Variation in the Budapest Gambit, 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e5 3.dxe5 Ng4 4.Nf3, is named after the game Adler–Maróczy, played at the 1896 Budapest tournament. White is ready to return the e5-pawn in order to develop his pieces on their best squares, i.e. the d5-square for the Nb1, the...

Alapin’s Opening (C20)

Alapin’s Opening 1. e4 e5 2. Ne2 is offbeat, but perfectly playable for White. It is mainly used to avoid highly theoretical lines such as the Ruy Lopez, or to surprise the opponent. White intends to play f2–f4 soon. There is similarity to the Smyslov Position (Smyslov–Botvinnik, 1958) if White tries...

Nimzowitsch-Larsen Attack (A01)

A01 Nimzo-Larsen Attack 1. b3 Study Games for A01 Chess MicroBase Games A01 Nimzo-Larsen Attack: Classical Variation I 1.b3 d5 Nimzowitsch-Larsen Attack: Classical Variation II 1.b3 d5 3.Nf3 Nimzo-Larsen Attack: Dutch Variation 1.b3 f5 Nimzo-Larsen Attack: English Variation 1.b3 c5 Nimzowitsch-Larsen Attack: Dutch Variation-Ringelbach Variation 1.b3 f5 2.Bb2 e6 3.e4...

Alapin Variation (B22)

The Alapin Variation is a response to the Sicilian Defence characterised by the moves: 1. e4 c5 2. c3 It is named after the Russian master Semyon Alapin (1856–1923). For many years it was not held in high regard, since 2…d5 was thought to allow Black easy equality. Today, the Alapin is...

Albin Countergambit (D08 – D09)

The Albin Counter-Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: 1. d4 d5 2. c4 e5 and the usual continuation is: 3. dxe5 d4. The opening is an uncommon defense to the Queen’s Gambit. In exchange for the Gambit pawn, Black has a central wedge at d4 and gets some chances for...

Allgaier Gambit (C39)

The Allgaier Gambit is a dangerous, but theoretically dubious, knight sacrifice that begins with 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ng5 (instead 5.Ne5 is the sounder and more conservative Kieseritzky Gambit). The knight on g5 has no safe retreat squares, and after 5…p, White plays 6.Nxf7 Kxf7, to...

Anderssen’s Opening (A00)

Anderssen’s Opening is a chess opening defined by the opening move: 1. a3. The opening is named after unofficial World Chess Champion Adolf Anderssen, who played it three times in his 1858 match against Paul Morphy. While Anderssen was defeated decisively in the match, the games he opened with this novelty scored...

Balogh Defence (B07)

The Balogh Defence (also known as the Balogh Counter-Gambit) is an unusual chess opening beginning with the moves: 1. e4 d6 2. d4 f5 It may also arise by transposition from the Staunton Gambit against the Dutch Defence, 1.d4 f5 2.e4!?, if Black declines the Gambit with 2…d6. The defense...

King’s Indian Attack (A07)

King’s Indian Attack (or KIA), also known as the Barcza System (after Gedeon Barcza), is a chess opening system for White. The opening is not a series of specific moves, but rather a system that can be played from many different move orders. Though the KIA is often reached via...

Barnes Opening (A00)

Barnes Opening (or Gedult’s Opening) is a chess opening where White opens with: 1. f3 The opening is named after Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825–74), an English player who had an impressive eight wins over Paul Morphy, including one game where Barnes answered 1.e4 with 1…f6, known as Barnes Defence. Of...

Benko Gambit (A57-59)

Benko Gambit (or Volga Gambit) is a chess opening characterised by the move 3…b5 in the Benoni Defence arising after: 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 c5 3. d5 b5 The Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings (ECO) has three codes for the Benko Gambit: A57 3…b5 A58 3…b5 4.cxb5 a6 5.bxa6 A59...

Bird Opening (A02-03)

Bird’s Opening (or the Dutch Attack) is a chess opening characterised by the move: 1. f4 It is a standard but never really popular flank opening. White’s strategic ideas involve control of the e5-square without occupying it, but his first move is also non-developing and slightly weakening his kingside. Black may...