Ruy Lopez (C60-99)

The Ruy Lopez, also known as the Spanish Opening, is one of the oldest and most popular chess openings ever. The opening is named after a Spanish priest from the 16th century, Ruy López de Segura.

In 1561, he published a book on chess called Libro del Ajedrez (Book of Chess)in which the Ruy Lopez already appeared. Since then it has been used regularly by every World Chess Champion and is often one of the first openings beginners learn.

It is also one of the most heavily analyzed openings in today’s game and continues to enjoy incredible popularity at all levels (elite players such as AnandCaruana, and Carlsen frequently play the Ruy Lopez). On the one hand, there are many chess players who love to play the Ruy Lopez as it’s exceptionally versatile and there is still plenty of room to maneuver and discover new ideas for both sides! On the other hand, many players don’t like playing the Ruy Lopez and are scared to learn it because the accompanying theory is very extensive.

However, the Ruy Lopez is considered essential to the development of any promising player. Its strategic nature, typical tactics plus the fact it leads to both open and closed positions make it perfect for deepening general chess understanding.

If you don’t already play the Ruy Lopez, here are 2 reasons why you should start:

  1. Vishy Anand insists the Ruy Lopez and the Sicilian Defense are the 2 essential openings to understand if you want to understand chess.
  2. Mikhail Botvinnik claimed the great Polugaevsky was held back from being a World Championship contender because he didn’t play the Ruy Lopez and so never mastered positional play.

C60

Ruy Lopez Unusual Black 3rd moves and 3...g6

C60 Ruy Lopez Unusual Black 3rd moves and 3...g6

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5

Study Games for Eco Code C60

C60

C61

Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defence

C61 Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defence

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nd4

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C61

C62

Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defence

C62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defence

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 d6

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C62

C63

Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defence

C63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defence

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 f5

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C63

C64

Ruy Lopez, Classical (Cordel) Defence

C64 Ruy Lopez, Classical (Cordel) Defence

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Bc5

Study Games for Eco Code C64

C64

C65

Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defence including Mortimer Trap

C65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defence including Mortimer Trap

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nf6

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C65

C66

Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defence, 4.0-0 d6

C66 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defence, 4.0-0 d6

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nf6 4. 0-0 d6

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C66

C67

Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defence, Open Variation

C67 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defence, Open Variation

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nf6 4. 0-0 Nxe4

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C67

C68

Ruy Lopez, Exchange Variation

C68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange Variation

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Bxc6

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C68

C69

Ruy Lopez, Exchange Variation, 5.0-0

C69 Ruy Lopez, Exchange Variation, 5.0-0

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Bxc6 dxc6 5. O-O

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C69

C70

Ruy Lopez

C70 Ruy Lopez

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4

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C70

C71

Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defence including Noah's Ark Trap

C71 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defence including Noah's Ark Trap

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 d6

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C71

C72

Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defence 5.0-0

C72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defence 5.0-0

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 d6 5. 0-0

Study Games for Eco Code C72

C73

Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defence, Richter Variation

C73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defence, Richter Variation

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 d6 5. Bxc6+ bxc6 6. d4

Study Games for Eco Code C73

C73

C74

Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defence

C74 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defence

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 d6 5. c3

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C74

C75

Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defence

C75 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defence

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 d6 5. c3 Bd7

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C75

C76

Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defence, Fianchetto (Bronstein) Variation

C76 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defence, Fianchetto (Bronstein) Variation

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 d6 5. c3 Bd7 6. d4 g6

Study Games for Eco Code C76

C77

Ruy Lopez, Morphy Defence

C77 Ruy Lopez, Morphy Defence

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6

Study Games for Eco Code C77

C77

C78

Ruy Lopez, 5.0-0

C78 Ruy Lopez, 5.0-0

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0

Study Games for Eco Code C78

C78

C79

Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defence Deferred (Russian Defence)

C79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defence Deferred (Russian Defence)

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 d6

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C79

C80

Ruy Lopez, Open (Tarrasch) Defence

C80 Ruy Lopez, Open (Tarrasch) Defence

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Nxe4

Study Games for Eco Code C80

C80

C81

Ruy Lopez, Open, Howell Attack

C81 Ruy Lopez, Open, Howell Attack

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Nxe4 6. d4 b5 7. Bb3 d5 8. dxe5 Be6 9.Qe2

Study Games for Eco Code C81

C81

C82

Ruy Lopez, Open, 9.c3

C82 Ruy Lopez, Open, 9.c3

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Nxe4 6. d4 b5 7. Bb3 d5 8. dxe5 Be6 9. c3

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C82

C83

Ruy Lopez, Open, Classical Defence

C83 Ruy Lopez, Open, Classical Defence

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Nxe4 6. d4 b5 7. Bb3 d5 8. dxe5 Be6 9. c3 Be7

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C83

C84

Ruy Lopez, Closed Defence

C84 Ruy Lopez, Closed Defence

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7

Study Games for Eco Code C84

C84

C85

Ruy Lopez, Exchange Variation Doubly Deferred

C85 Ruy Lopez, Exchange Variation Doubly Deferred

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Bxc6

Study Games for Eco Code C85

C86

Ruy Lopez, Worrall Attack

C86 Ruy Lopez, Worrall Attack

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Qe2

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C86

C87

Ruy Lopez, Closed, Averbakh Variation

C87 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Averbakh Variation

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Re1 d6

Study Games for Eco Code C87

C87

C88

Ruy Lopez, Closed

C88 Ruy Lopez, Closed

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3

Study Games for Eco Code C88

C88

C89

Ruy Lopez, Marshall Counter Attack

C89 Ruy Lopez, Marshall Counter Attack

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 0-0 8. c3 d5

Study Games for Eco Code C89

C89

C90

Ruy Lopez, Closed, with ..d6

C90 Ruy Lopez, Closed, with ..d6

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 O-O 8. c3 d6

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C90

C91

Ruy Lopez, Closed, 9.d4

C91 Ruy Lopez, Closed, 9.d4

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3 0-0 9. d4

Study Games for Eco Code C91

C91

C92

Ruy Lopez, Closed, 9.h3

C92 Ruy Lopez, Closed, 9.h3

 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3 0-0 9. h3

Study Games for Eco Code C92

C92

C93

Ruy Lopez, Closed, Smyslov Defence

C93 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Smyslov Defence

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d6 9.h3 h6

Study Games for Eco Code C93

C93

C94

Ruy Lopez, Closed, Breyer Defence

C94 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Breyer Defence

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 O-O 8. c3 d6 9. h3 Nb8

Study Games for Eco Code C94

C94

C95

Ruy Lopez, Closed, Breyer Defence, 10.d4

C95 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Breyer Defence, 10.d4

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3 0-0 9. h3 Nb8 10. d4

Study Games for Eco Code C95

C95

C96

Ruy Lopez, Closed, 9...Na5

C96 Ruy Lopez, Closed, 9...Na5

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3 0-0 9. h3 Na5 10. Bc2

Study Games for Eco Code C96

C96

C97

Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin Defence

C97 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin Defence

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3 0-0 9. h3 Na5 10. Bc2 c5 11. d4 Qc7

Study Games for Eco Code C97

C97

C98

Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin, 12...Nc6

C98 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin, 12...Nc6

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3 0-0 9. h3 Na5 10. Bc2 c5 11. d4 Qc7 12. Nbd2 Nc6

Study Games for Eco Code C98

C98

C99

Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin, 12…cxd4 13. cxd4

C99 Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin, 12...cxd4

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3 0-0 9. h3 Na5 10. Bc2 c5 11. d4 Qc7 12. Nbd2 cxd4 13. cxd4

Study Games for Eco Code C99

C99

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